London Bird Club Wiki

Website/Map: [1] ~ [2] Hyde Park and Kensington Gardens are two of London's Royal Parks located in the heart of central London (the City of Westminster and Inner London Sector). They are easily accessible by the many public transport routes that connect with the local area. The two sites, though officially separate, are contiguous and are divided from each other by West Carriage Drive (the bridge across the lake and the road that runs north and south of this feature). The home to the original Crystal Palace, Speaker's Corner, Kensington Palace, George Frampton's much loved Peter Pan sculpture, the Albert, Hudson and Diana Memorials, Speke Monument, Physical Energy, and Isis. Also, many famous concerts and events, the site (as with many within Inner London) are heavily utilized by the public. The habitat comprises open and amenities grassland dotted with wooded enclosures, more formal areas, small patches of rough grassland, a lake, and a large pond; the Serpentine (in Hyde Park) and Longwater (Kensington Gardens) and Round Pond (long known for model boat sailing on Sundays).

AS RPond.jpg

The Round Pound in Kensington Gardens (photo by Andrew Self)

With a modicum of luck some good local birding can be had and it's fair to say that much regular watching, and an appreciation of context, will go a long way. These 625 acres (combined) have had a lengthy birdwatching history reflected in a species list that currently stands at 196 - as well as a small number of eminent London birders. There is no waterfowl collection here (thankfully) though the occasional bird turns up attributable to one of the nearby collections (St James' and and Regent's Parks). Early mornings are best, before any potential disturbance kicks in, and an impressive list of interesting local/London occurrences to date have included:

  • Bewick's
  • Whooper Swan
  • White-fronted Goose
  • Wigeon
  • Garganey
  • Scaup
  • Long-tailed Duck
  • Common Scoter
  • Goldeneye
  • All three Sawbills
  • Red-throated Diver
  • Red-necked
  • Slavonian
  • Black-necked Grebe
  • European Storm
  • Leach's Storm-petrel
  • Little Egret
  • Gannet
  • Shag
  • Marsh Harrier
  • Red Kite
  • Osprey
  • Merlin
  • Peregrine Falcon
  • Water Rail
  • Corncrake
  • Avocet
  • Sanderling
  • Little Stint
  • Ruff
  • Bar-tailed Godwit
  • Whimbrel
  • Curlew
  • Greenshank
  • Green Sandpiper
  • Arctic Skua
  • Mediterranean
  • Little
  • Ring-billed
  • Yellow-legged
  • Iceland
  • Glaucous Gull
  • Kittiwake
  • Black
  • White-winged Black
  • Little
  • Arctic Tern
  • Guillemot
  • Razorbill
  • Little Auk
  • Turtle Dove
  • Short-eared Owl
  • Nightjar
  • Hoopoe
  • Shore Lark
  • Woodlark
  • Blue-headed Wagtail
  • Nightingale
  • Grasshopper
  • Marsh Warbler
  • Firecrest
  • Red-backed Shrike
  • Hooded Crow
  • Twite
  • Snow Bunting

Of course, the vast majority of these (sub)species are unlikely to be found on any ad-hoc visit and many of the more interesting records are from past decades. However, regular watching should repay with uncommon local species now and then.

Residents and regulars include:

  • Mute Swan (the most significant Inner London population)
  • Mandarin Duck
  • Gadwall
  • Shoveler
  • Pochard
  • Tufted Duck
  • Ruddy Duck
  • Little and Great Crested Grebe
  • Sparrowhawk
  • Kestrel
  • Stock Dove
  • Ring-necked Parakeet
  • Tawny Owl
  • Green and Great Spotted Woodpecker
  • Song and Mistle Thrush
  • Goldcrest
  • Long-tailed
  • Coal Tit
  • Nuthatch
  • Treecreeper

Migrant breeders include:

  • House Martin at the periphery of the site.
  • Blackcap within (Phylloscopus seem to be a thing of the past).

A fair range of passage migrants can be expected annually, namely:

  • Common Sandpiper
  • Common Tern'
  • Skylark
  • Hirundines
  • Tree
  • Meadow Pipit
  • Yellow
  • White Wagtail
  • Common Redstart
  • Whinchat
  • Northern Wheatear
  • Fieldfare
  • Redwing
  • Warblers (including the occasional Wood)
  • Spotted and Pied Flycatcher (the former no longer breeding)
  • Jackdaw
  • Brambling
  • Siskin
  • Lesser Redpoll
  • Reed Bunting

Other wildlife includes Red Fox, a multitude of Grey Squirrel, and variable numbers of Brown Rat. There are also plenty of pipistrelle sp(p), Noctules, and a dwindling population of European Rabbit on the eastern bank of the Longwater. Red-eared Terrapins can sometimes be seen basking among vegetation at the Long Water or the Round Pond (probably to the detriment of young waterfowl in the breeding season). Butterflies include Small, Essex, and Large Skippers, Large and Small Whites, Red Admiral, Peacock Butterfly, Meadow Brown, Gatekeeper, Speckled Wood, Holly, and Common Blue. Painted Lady occurs in good years and Purple Hairstreak was recently discovered. Moth records include Ruby Tiger, Lime and Poplar Hawkmoths, and Twin-spotted Wainscot (a flagship species for London's reedbeds, found here at light traps. Odonata includes (notably) Small Red-eyed Damselfly and Black-tailed Skimmer through Migrant Hawker and Emperor Dragonflies can be seen most years. Common and the occasional Ruddy Darter can be found as can Common Blue, Blue-tailed and Willow Emerald Damselflies. In terms of plant life, Hyde Park and Kensington Gardens (particularly the latter) are well known for the scarce and exotic trees planted in the past. These include Willow-leaved Oak, Crimean Lime, Roble Beech, Manna Ash, Indian Horse Chestnut, Hybrid Service, Paperbark Maple, Wingnut, Locust Tree, Weeping Beech, Silver Lime, Swamp Cypress, and a fine Magnolia, though there are many old native trees. Des McKenzie.